Uterine polyps can develop in women of any age, but generally they develop in women during their 40’s and 50’s.
Uterine polyps sometimes cause problem with fertility or can increase your risk of miscarriage.
A normal and healthy uterine cavity and endometrial lining is necessary for a woman to conceive and maintain a healthy pregnancy.
Most of the polyps are very small and do not represent a compromise to reproductive capabilities. But, larger and multiple polyps can interfere with the reproduction and thus causing infertility or increases the risk of miscarriage.
What will polyps do in our body?
Usually, uterine polyps nourish on estrogen hormone. If you have more estrogen with uterine polyps, your polyps will grow more and more. Once these polyps attain a certain size, then they swill tart to protrude into your uterine cavity.
The size of polyps ranges from a few millimeters to several centimeters. Usually, polyps are attached to the uterine walls by a large base or a thin stalk. During in some cases, these polyps are slips down into the cervix.
How polyps affect your fertility?
Polyps reduce the blood flow to the parts of endometrial lining. This can disrupt the fertilization of fertilized embryo from implanting in the endometrial lining. Even after the implantation of embryo, these polyps can cause a miscarriage.
Studies showed that removing the polyps can boost a woman’s fertility if she was previously infertile. For instance, one study showed that 63% of women who have uterine polyps became pregnant via intrauterine insemination (IUI) after they had their polyps removed.
What are the symptoms that you experience with uterine polyps?
For some women polyps won’t cause any symptoms. But some may experience symptoms such as:
- Painful or heavy periods
- Unpredictable or irregular menstrual bleeding
- Vaginal bleeding even after the menopause
Most of the polyps do not require any treatment. But treatment is suggested for people who experience severe discomfort. They include:
Hormonal medications: Progestins and GnRH agonists are recommended to stop estrogen production so that polyps will slowly shrink down.
Surgical method: Polypectomy is a surgical procedure used to remove uterine polyps. This treatment is suggested mostly for infertile women.